Positive and Negative Afterimages
Instructions, Experiments and Process
Sit down before a fact, as a little child,|
be prepared to give up every preconceived notion,
follow humbly wherever and to whatever abyss nature leads,
or you shall learn nothing.
--T. H. Huxley
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AFTERIMAGE INSTRUCTIONS|
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AFTERIMAGE EXPERIMENTS
Once the ability to see vivid negative afterimages is gained then experiment with:
A binocular positive afterimage vision uses normal eye movement and electromagnetic lower intensity light which keep the negative signals invisible. The incoming visual waves follow this process. The point of attention, the converged focus point of both eyes, falls along the visual axis to each eye's fovea. The non-fovea part, the peripheral area, of each eye receives signals from all directions. The image-carrying light waves reflect off the external object and pass through both corneas, with a refractive index of 1.376 bending and slowing the light wave as it passes from air into the eye's aqueous humor.
The aqueous humor has a refractive index of 1.336, which bends the waves even more and also changes the speed, slowing the waves to the pupil opening. The lens surface at the pupil refracts the waves still more, with the greatest slowing of waves through the lens mass. More refraction occurs at the posterior portion of the lens. Cornea and lens curvature refracts the image signals to an inverted, upside down, backward, nonpictorial micro signals on the retina. The aqueous humor, lens mass and vitreous humor reduce the speed of light, changing energy's wave-like characteristics to energy's particle-like characteristics as energy travels to the retina.
Energy then travels outside the non-permeable retinal cells (ganglion, bipolar, rods and cones) to the retina's rear to be absorbed by the permeable rod and cone membrane tips containing pigments. Developing the incoming altered energy signals (the film) begins with the chemical and electrical transformation as energy advances through the rods, cones and cross the synapses into the bipolar cells for more changes. The horizontal cells relay signals horizontally to other bipolar cells. Further chemical and electrical altering occurs after the impulses cross the synapses from bipolar cells into ganglion cells. Amacrine cells relay signals horizontally to other ganglion cells. Each ganglion cell has an axon, an unbranched prolongation extending from the cell body of a nerve cell. These axons gather on the inner surface of the retina and exit the eyes as the optic nerves.
The right eye's right visual field signals (red) are refracted to the left side of the right eye retina and then criss-cross at the optic chiasm. The signals next pass through the left thalamus and onto the lateral geniculate body and visual cortex centers V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5 in the left hemisphere. The left eye's right visual field signals (red) are refracted to the left side of the left eye retina. These signals also pass through the left thalamus, the lateral geniculate body, and the visual cortex centers V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5 in the left hemisphere.
The right eye's left visual field signals (green) are refracted to the right side of the right eye retina, and then proceed through the right thalamus, the lateral geniculate body, and the visual cortex centers V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5 in the right hemisphere. The left eye left visual field signals (green) are refracted to the right side of the left eye retina, and then criss-cross at the optic chiasm into the right thalamus, the lateral geniculate body, and visual centers V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5 in the right hemisphere.
Altered incoming energy at each hemisphere's visual cortex centers follow some commissural fibers, the white matter layers, from the left and right hemispheres' visual cortex layers II, III and IV which form the cable-like structure called the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum connects the incoming right visual field signals in the left hemisphere cortex (red) to neurons in the right hemisphere cortex on an outward path to exit the opposite eye. Similarly, the corpus callosum connects the incoming left visual field signals in the right hemisphere cortex (green) to neurons in the left hemisphere cortex on an outward path to exit the opposite eye.
After crossing the corpus callosum, the negative visual impulses follow the optic tract fibers converging into 8% of the optic nerve in route to the opposite visual cortices, lateral geniculate bodies, thalamus and the rear of the opposite retina. The energy's reverse refraction at the lens and corneas have inverted the upside down and backward signals back to the image signal's upright position.
The right visual field signals (red) now exit into the eyes' left visual field areas, and the left visual field signals (green) exit into the eyes' right visual field areas. The exiting negative energy creates an interference pattern with the positive energy at the original external object for the sensation of a positive afterimage - A HOLOGRAM.
The mind, located in the energy field, then receives the sensation of sight of a positive afterimage with the normal external object colors as we know the colors to be. The interference pattern at the external object then cause the energies to dissipate with a continuous flow of sight sensations. The positive afterimage in this case is the size of the object, since both object and image are at the same distance from the eyes.
The negative afterimage visual fragments and visual fields' multilayered sequences producing the background and foreground remain unobserved to human consciousness due to the up to 395 feet per second push from incoming waves.
NEGATIVE AFTERIMAGE VISION PROCESS
Opposite positive afterimage vision, the complementary colored negative afterimage vision needs an absolutely steady gaze on the external object, which keep the visual signals stationary and unchanging along the visual path. Plus, observing negative afterimages require using a 100W light, which increases light's frequency and easily breaks apart the cones vitamin A and opsin. The stationary visual signals and increased light frequency puts the vivid, dominant, negative signals in the visible spectrum. The entire process of positive or negative afterimage vision follows the same complex visual path.
Negative energy exits the opposite corneas and strikes the closed eyelids creating an interference pattern at the eyelid backdrops for a small negative afterimage sensation to the mind. The negative afterimage size depends on the ratio of the object distant to image distant which in this case keeps the eyelid image sensation small. But changing the eye's focus point to a distant wall, a larger negative wall afterimage will be observed.
The multilayered visual fragments, form, and color sequences will be observed at the eyelid backdrop vivid negative afterimage. The slowing of energy impulses through the visual pathway now rely only on each cell's slower firing rate to push the impulses along its path allowing the negative afterimage to become visible. The generator-like push of open-eyed incoming energy pushes the impulses up to 395 feet per second, therefore the multilayered visual sequences remain invisible. Although each eyelid has a separate negative afterimage, the mind receives the sensation of a single negative afterimage (to be explained by the experts some day, I hope).
NEGATIVE AFTERIMAGES QUESTIONS & ANSWERS|
Is vision the same for all individuals?
What is one's inner screen?
What is the difference between the positive and negative afterimage?
What is a negative afterimage?
Can anyone see negative afterimages?
How knowable are negative afterimages?
Why is ignorance of afterimages an advantage?
When experimenting with creating negative afterimages, what type of external object is best to be practiced with?
Is an absolute steady gaze at the external object necessary when creating negative afterimages?
How does one create an absolute steady gaze?
Will doing a candle exercise in a lite or dark room make a difference when creating a negative candle flame afterimage?
Why is it necessary to use a 100W light to create a vivid negative afterimage?
How much practice will it take to see vivid negative afterimages?
If using a candle flame in a dark room, how long will it take before a negative flame afterimage manifests itself?
What does the flame's negative afterimage look like?
What creates the flame's negative afterimage colors?
How did the inner flame negative afterimage black center eventually become brilliant yellow?
What created the outward movement of different colors in the candle flame and light bulb negative afterimage?
Can movement be observed when viewing negative afterimages?
Why didn't the flame's flickering cause the flame negative afterimage not to form?
Why did only the candle flame negative afterimage form in the beginning and not the entire candle image?
Can strong "concentrated thought" burn out a 60-70W light bulb?
What light intensity is needed to create vivid, dominant, controlled negative afterimages?
Why did it take one week for the visual neurons and cells to react to the higher 100 W light before the image began to appear?
When using the flower vase oil painting for visualization, why did the solid yellow square form?
What changes occurred with the oil painting negative afterimage?
Are the negative colors like the colors we see in the external world?
Why didn't the other students in my class doing the same exercises ever see the flame or object's negative afterimages?
Continued nightly practice and experimentation using a colorful footstool mouse image, brought forth a "seeable" eight foot negative afterimage when a distance wall was used as the backdrop with open eyes. The image was transparent and every item on the wall could be seen through the mouse image in their normal external colors.
Can the negative afterimage size be varied?
Can other individuals see the negative afterimage on the wall?
Why is the wall negative afterimage so large?
Why is the negative afterimage observed on the wall backdrop transparent?
Why was the 8 foot wall image viewed as a negative afterimage and the wall objects viewed as a positive afterimage?
What was the next negative afterimage phase to occur?
Were the multistage integration of visual signal noticeable on both the negative wall image and behind closed eyelids?
Why is the multistage integration of visual signals detected in one view and not the other?
Did any more negative afterimage phases occur?
Why after four months of no nightly visual experiments was the ability to see negative afterimages gone?
Will five seconds to began forming the negative afterimage after closing the eyes be constant with all people?
Why does it take a negative afterimage fifteen seconds to fade away?
What causes the positive or negative afterimage to manifest itself?
Exactly what is a positive and negative afterimage?
Since the visual field paths or fragment areas never merge, how does the multistate integration of visual signals occur?
But, what determines the visual layering "sequences" of visual signals and fragments?
What clues do negative afterimages provide regarding the functions of the eye-brain mechanisms?
Apparent unknown afterimage information includes:
Next: Microscopic Vision
© Copyright Mary J. Johnston
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Mary J. Johnston